TriplePundit tells us how biofuel is made while Sustainable Industries gives us a brief history of biofuels in the US.  For the history of alcohol as a fuel take a look at The Forbidden Fuel, a History of Power Alcohol, by Hal Bernton, William Kovarik and Scott Sklar.

The future of biofuels is explored by Eco-Business. The site speaks to Anselm Eisentraut, bioenergy analyst for the International Energy Agency (IEA) about the current outlook for the biofuels industry. The IEA projects a 27% share for biofuels in the global transport fuel sector by 2050.

OILPRICE looks at the biofuels offering the most promise. Jim Lane, the Editor & Publisher of Biofuels Digest. is excited about marine biofuels (e.g. seaweed); direct conversion of brackish water, sequestered CO2 and water into biofuels; and electrofuels (uses electricity as an energy source rather than sunlight).

Market Watch looks at the outlook for the global biofuels market over the next 5 years. TechNavio forecasts this market will grow at a compound average growth rate of 7.7% over the period 2011-2015. One of the key factors contributing to this market growth is the increase in government funding and subsidies. However, competition for food security could pose a challenge to the growth of this market.

guildford people tells us scientists at the University of Surrey in the UK say they have made a major breakthrough in the potential for vehicles powered by biofuel. They have produced two new metal organics frameworks (MOF) materials with the highest gas storage capacity ever recorded to improve the efficiency of using hydrogen and methane as fuels. Dr Ahmet Ozgur Yazaydin, who led the theoretical part of the study, said: “This discovery paves the way for biogas powered cars to compete with those powered by gasoline so that they can travel roughly the same distance before refuelling. With this technology one day people will even be able to fill their fuel tanks with natural gas supplied to their homes.”

Some are questioning the environmental, economic and social benefits of biofuels. The Eurasia Review posted Bioenergy: The Broken Promise, the McGill Tribune wrote Biofuels: A waste of land? and CO2 Science added Biofuels: Going from Useless to Harmful.

Biofuels Digest reports Chrysler, Ford and GM approve E15 for their new cars in the US. E15 is a mix of 85% gasoline and 15% ethanol which has been mandated by the US government for 2013.  The current gasoline standard is E10 or 10% ethanol.

Sustainable Business mentions a new stationary biogas fuel cell power plant in Ontario, California. The 2.8 MW fuel cell plant converts waste biogas into electricity on-site – the largest installation of its kind in the US. The waste biogas is created through anaerobic digestion of wastewater biosolids at the water recycling plant. Heat is also produced in a combined heat and power configuration. See also Earth Techling SoCal Gets Biggest Digester-Gas Powered Fuel Cell In US.

A new combined heat and power biogas plant has opened in Konopnica, Poland reports BioEnergy News.  The 1.99 MW facility will sell its heat output to both local industrial buildings and the town of Rada Mazowiecka, while the electricity will be sold to the national grid. The Polish Energy Market Agency predicts the country will have over 600 biogas facilities online, producing around 3.4 TW of power an hour, by 2030.

Green Car Congress says we can expect a surge in biorefineries over the next decade. A new report from Pike Research forecasts 81 billion gallons per year of installed biorefinery capacity globally by 2022. Products will include conventional ethanol as well as biofuels based on corn starch, sugarcane, soy, palm oil, and rapeseed. You can access the report here.

Canada will have a new organic waste to power plant according to Biomass Magazine. The 8.8 MW Trois-Rivieres, Quebec plant will begin operation in 2015 and will utilize forest residues in combination with pulp and paper sludge to produce heat and electricity.

Waste Management World says a waste to electricity plant in Hawaii is being expanded to 90 MW. Located in Honolulu on the island of Oahu, the municipal solid waste will supply about 8% of the island’s total power requirements.

A new landfill gas to energy plant will begin to heat 2000 homes in Fredericton, New Brunswick, Canada in November we learn from waste360. The 2.1 MW plant will also power the Fredericton Region Solid Waste Commission facilities.

Biomass Magazine reveals the opening of a large-scale community digester project in southeastern Michigan in the US. With expected completion later this year, it will be capable of taking in 100,000 tons of food waste each year to produce electricity. The 3 MW plant will get its feedstock from regional food processors and agricultural operations. The electricity is being sold to Consumers Energy.

Still in the US, we find waste cooking oil and animal fats are powering rental vehicles at Houston Airport reports the Houston Chronicle.

A 6 MW biomass energy project in the U.S. Virgin Islands on the island of St. Croix is going to produce biogas from Giant King Grass says DOMESTICFUEL. The biogas will be used to generate electricity. Giant King Grass is an ideal feedstock because it is not used for food, and has a high crop and biogas yield. The project is to be underway in 2013 and in production by 2014.

Methane from garbage is generating electricity in Solapur, India we learn from The Times of India. 400 tonnes per day of municipal solid waste is generating 3.2 MW of electricity and 80 tonnes organic compost.

Waste heat from a natural gas plant in Kent, England is hailed as a key to UK energy policy. The operation harnesses the waste energy from a gas-fired power station to heat millions of litres of hot water that is then transferred to fuel operations at a neighbouring gas depot. By taking the excess heat from the gas plant, the UK’s  National Grid hopes to save enough gas to heat 100,000 houses, while also removing 300,000 tonnes of carbon emissions from the power sector each year.

Cogeneration & On-Site Power Production says France’s biggest biomass cogeneration plant has opened. Located in the Aquitaine region of southwest France, the plant is expected to produce 69 MW of electricity and heat in the form of 260 metric tons an hour of steam. The plant is fed by 503,000 tonnes of biomass annually comprised of tree bark. wood pulp, branches, and tree stump and recovered wood.
 

Tags: , , , , , , , , , , ,