Green Car Congress has a post saying that Danish researchers believe that biomass is best used for chemical production rather than power. They argue that the most efficient use of biomass is for the production of select high value chemicals, thereby effectively replacing petroleum. Power for vehicle transportation should be gradually switched to batteries or fuel cells especially since the amount of biomass available does not meet the demand for fuels.

Meanwhile, Shell thinks that biofuels will be the most important alternative to hydrocarbons in transportation over the next 20 years. The company thinks that fossil fuels will be harder and more expensive to get, given that new oil and gas reserves are likely to be found under ice caps, deeper under the sea or under difficult political conditions. Shell’s view is that the 3% of energy for mobility from alternative sources will increase to up to 30% after 2030, with the increase coming from a portfolio of products. Biofuels like corn, sugar cane and cellulosic ethanol along with biodiesel will make up an important component of that mix.

Renewable Energy Magazine reports that rural areas in Pakistan are beginning to have a large biogas potential. A plethora of biogas plants are springing up around the country as it strives to become more energy self-sufficient and bring electric power to its poor, rural communities. Some 400 small and medium biogas plants developed at household level in Peshawar, Abbottabad, Charsadda, Mansehra, Haripur and Nowshera districts. So far 20 biogas plants have been completed including one using poultry waste. Pakistan’s sugar industry is currently producing 700 MW of electric power through biogas and has the potential to produce 3 GW. Pakistan has almost 159 million animals producing approximately 652 million kilogrammes of manure daily from cattle and buffalo alone, which can be used to generate 16.3 million-cubic-metres of biogas per day and 21 million tonnes of bio-fertiliser per year. The country could also explore using citrus pulp, waste from the paper industry, slaughter house and street waste to generate biogas. Researchers estimates that almost 70% of Pakistan’s rural population could benefit from biogas energy.

Germany is using elephant dung to power the Munich Zoo says Renewable Energy Magazine. Biogas from elephant dung is producing 5% of the electricity for the entire zoo complex as well as heat for the gorilla enclosure.

letsrecycle says that the City of London, UK will be achieving zero waste by using its landfill to generate electricity. All residual waste collected from the City of London’s 9,000 residents and street cleaning operations is being processed in an energy-from-waste incinerator in South East London. The plant has the capacity to treat 585,000 tonnes of waste a year.  This waste had previously gone to landfills.  When the plant is in full operation in 2013 it will generate 66 MW of electricity, feeding into the national grid enough electricity to serve around 100,000 homes.

El Salvador will have the first landfill gas plant in Central America reports Waste Management World.  When operational the plant will take methane from landfill and convert it into biogas to produce 6 MW of electricity. Output could increase to 25 MW depending on landfill capacity.

Turkey waste will generate power in Holton, England. Renewable Energy World tells us that the UK’s leading turkey farmer and supplier, Bernard Matthews, will build a biogas plant using anaerobic digestion technology at its turkey operations.  In 2013 the facility will convert around 28,000 tonnes of turkey waste each year into biogas to supply approximately 13% of the complex’s electricity requirements and 10% of its heat.

The town of Erie, Colorado will use its garbage to power 3000 homes NBC9 News says that the town’s new waste to energy plant will utilize methane that is produced by decomposing landfill waste to produce electricity. The electricity will be enough to supply power to more than half the homes in Erie.

A landfill near Taylorville, Illinois will heat a greenhouse, reports The State Journal Register.  The methane gas plant at the landfill will provide heat to a new greenhouse for herbs and specialty vegetables.  The methane plant generates 3.2 MW of electricity as well as heat from the decomposing wastes in the landfill.

Renewable Energy Magazine has a story about beer generating electricity in Australia. Pacific Beverages’ Bluetongue Brewery in Warnervale, New South Wales has an anaerobic digester which produces methane biogas from brewery waste and uses it to drive a steam turbine to generate power for the brewery.

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