OILPRICE tells us about 13 Strange and Interesting Sources of Biofuel. You will be amazed and may laugh.

Public Service Europe is concerned that the European Union is ignoring the impact of biofuels on food security in the developing world. “Biofuels are pushing up food prices and driving up to 60 per cent of the large-scale land deals taking place across the world. Yet, despite striking evidence, Europe continues to overlook the devastating impact of its biofuels policy on disadvantaged people and communities…In its new blueprint on the post-2020 strategy for renewable energy, the commission remained silent on the effect Europe’s biofuels policy is having on food security in developing countries.”

The UK Telegraph tells us that the world’s airlines are asking governments for financial assistance to switch to biofuels. The head of the International Air Transport Association (IATA) says that some 1,500 commercial flights have been made using fuel made from plants and waste products but these biofuels are costly and the industry needs government help to increase supply and reduce cost. Aircraft manufacturers and energy companies have experimented with fuels made from a variety of plants, including jatropha, an oily nut; camelina, a flower with an oily stem; and algae. Airlines are under increasing pressure to reduce its environmental impact following the introduction of the European Union’s Emissions Trading Scheme (ETS) in January, under which airlines operating in Europe are charged for exceeding carbon emission limits.

A new report on the global biomass industry is summarized at Your Renewable News. Research and Markets reports that the biomass sector is expected to grow over the next 20 years as a result of various public policy actions including financial support for the industry. These actions will lower the cost of biomass for producing energy vis-a-vis its primary competition, coal and natural gas. The market value of electricity generated from biomass in the US last year was over $45 billion. About 70% of all biomass in the world is used in the residential sector, while 14% is used in industry and 11% is transformed into electricity, heat, or another energy carrier such as liquid fuel or biogas. In rural areas, biomass fuels are mainly collected by users, whereas in urban areas they are mostly marketed after collection by urban authorities or their agents. Urban use is based on the collection and processing of large quantities of waste, mainly by municipal authorities for processing in central plants and distribution by commercial means. You can access the report here.

Business Wire tells us about a new report on biomass in Australia.  Research & Markets says the biomass industry in Australia is very small, accounting for only 1% of the nation’s electricity supply. Australia has an abundance of sustainable biomass resources that are currently underutilized. This includes algae, sugar cane bagasse, sewage gas, landfill gas, wood waste and black liquor, energy crops, agricultural products and their wastes and municipal solid waste. You can access the report here.

Power Engineering writes about a biomass town in Japan. Maniwa city, in western Japan, is turning its struggling forestry and lumbering industry into its energy supply. Blessed with an abundant supply of Japanese cypress from local forests, the city is almost self-sufficient in using wood chips and wood pellets to generate electricity to power its air-conditioning systems. Since Fukushima, representatives of cities and towns across Japan have flocked to Maniwa to see what can be applied to their situation.

The US Coast Guard in Sitka, Alaska is converting to wood pellets reports KCAW.

EDP24 says a biomass plant has been approved in Snetterton, UK. The 40 MW facility will burn straw and wood chips to generate enough electricity to power 68,000 homes. Construction is expected to being in the spring of 2013 and take 2 and 1/2 years to complete.

Digital Journal reports that Adnams Brewery in Suffolk will be the first in the UK to use brewery and local food waste to produce renewable biogas for injection into the nation’s natural gas grid as well as providing biogas for use as a vehicle fuel. Its anaerobic digestion plant will generate up to 4.8 million kilowatt-hours per year – enough energy to heat 235 family homes for a year or run an average family car for 4 million miles.  In the future the facility will produce enough renewable gas to power the Adnams brewery and run its fleet of trucks, while still leaving up to 60 per cent of the output for injection into the National Grid. Meanwhile, Scotia Gas Networks biogas facility in Poundbury, West Dorset, UK, will be supplying biogas and electricity to nearly 4,000 homes in Poundbury and the surrounding area.  Its anaerobic digestion plant will use farm waste and crops to provide gas and electricity, with the waste product from the process – the digestate – going back to farmers to use as an organic fertilizer.

REVMODO posts about a new anaerobic digestion plant at a farm in the US state of Maine. Stonyvale Farm, a dairy farm located in Exeter, Maine, will be using the facility to turn cow manure and food waste into electricity and heat for the farm. The anaerobic digester, the first on a dairy farm in Maine, is expected to process at least 10,000,000 gallons of manure and food waste per year, generating enough electricity to power 800 average-sized homes. The post describes in detail how an anaerobic digester works.

Businessweek has an article discussing British retailers turning waste into energy. With the cost of landfills going up, stores from Tesco to Mark’s & Spencers to Walmart and Sainsbury are finding it profitable to send chicken fat, fish heads, and leftover sandwiches to biogas plants for conversion into electricity. Bioenergy plants could supply 8% to 11% of the U.K.’s power demand within eight years, the government forecasts. Marks & Spencer now transports 89% of food waste from its 511 stores to biogas facilities, saving the company more than £105 million in the 12 months through April of this year.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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