azocleantech says that a new US study on biofuels concludes that to meet the present biofuel production targets with current technology, approximately 80% of existing agricultural land in the country needs to be used for growing corn for ethanol production. An alternative solution would involve the conversion of 60% of current rangeland to biofuels. The study shows that both alternatives will considerably decrease the food quantity produced by farmers. The government desires to boost ethanol production from the current 40 billion gallons to 136 billion gallons by 2022. See also here.

Clean Energy wants to know if bioenergy is carbon neutral. Following up, new research published in Nature Climate Change says that bioenergy represents “unprecidented risks” to the climate according to Your Story. Scientists from TU Berlin, PIK, and the University of California in Berkeley conclude that large-scale cultivation of bioenergy crops could lead to increased net greenhouse-gas emissions. In addition, increased biofuels feedstock production on agricultural land might drive global food prices up.

cri tells us that advanced biofuels will comprise 10% of global gasoline production ten years from now. The head of Denmark-based enzyme manufacturer Novozymes believes the biofuels will soon come from agricultural waste and biomass such as corn leaves, stalks and cobs, wheat stalks, straw, as well as municipal waste such as discarded paper, as input for biofuel production. “Now we are not talking about food or fuel, instead, we are talking about food and fuel,” said Novozymes CEO Steen Riisgaard.

We learn from FuelCellToday that nineteen fuel cell forklifts and a fuel cell shuttle bus are running on hydrogen from waste gas at a US military base in the state of Washington. The waste gas comes from the base’s water treatment plant which was previously being flared. The fuel cell vehicles are part of a project to acquire data on the viability of hydrogen as a fuel for forklifts and other material handling equipment.

China People Daily reports that the country is looking at using biofuel made from cooking oil to power flight. Sinopec, the country’s top oil refiner, has made an aviation fuel from a variety of animal fat and vegetable oil. Currently, the company is actively seeking new raw materials to produce aviation biofuel, including waste cooking oil and seaweeds. China’s Civil Aviation Administration is carrying out a series of tests on the fuel to determine if it meets international standards and safety tests so it can be used in Chinese aircraft. Biofuels International says that China has set a goal of producing 30% of its aviation fuel from biofuels by 2020.

Another Chinese firm is exporting waste cooking oil says the Shanghai Daily. Qingdao Fresh Bio-energy Technology Development Co., Ltd, is sending the oil to SkyNRG, a biofuel supplier from the Netherlands who will use it to make aviation fuel. Qingdao produced the oil by combining waste oil and fat, including “gutter oil,” or discarded cooking oil.

Defenseworld reports that the US Air Force is testing biofuel in its F-16 fighter jets to reduce energy costs. Since December two F-16s have been testing a 50/50 blend of Jet Propellant-8 petroleum and Hydroprocessed Renewable Jet fuel derived from the camelina plant, a weed that grows throughout the United States and requires very little horticulture. By 2016, the Air Force hopes to have half of the fuel that is purchased domestically to be at least a 50/50 blend of conventional and alternative fuel.

TheBioenergySite discusses the UK’s Thetford Power Station which converts bird droppings to electricity. Each year 420,000 tonnes of chicken and turkey slurry, horse bedding and wood chips are burned to produce steam to generate 39 MW of electricity for the National Grid.

A new biogas plant in Norway will use food waste to produce biofuel to run Oslo buses says TheBioenergySite. The plant, located in Nes, Romerike, an agricultural region northeast of Oslo, will treat 50,000 tons of food waste a year and produce around 14,000 Nm3/day of biomethane. The biomethane will be used as biofuel for the 135 buses.

Germany energy company, E.ON, is building a biomass plant near Sheffield, England reports letsrecycle. When operational in mid-2014, it will generate up to 30 MW by converting waste wood chips into electricity. The waste wood is being supplied locally.

CleanBizAsia says that Asia’s largest incineration plant will be providing electricity to Beijing later this year. When completed in October the plant will be capable of processing 3,000 tonnes of  trash per day while generating 300 million kWh of power per year to Beijing’s residents. Gaoantun, in Beijing’s Chaoyang district, is currently the biggest garbage incineration plant in China. It processes 1,600 tonnes of garbage every day and produces an annual energy output of 200 million kWh.




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