One might expect, if countries or regions are going to be penalised in some way for having to keep to 2°C by leaving some of their fossil fuel reserves in the ground, they might be compensated for that in some way.

Christophe McGlade, research associate in energy materials modelling at the UCL Institute for Sustainable Resources and co-author of “The geographical distribution of fossil fuels unused when limiting global warming to 2°C

See Who gets left with the unburnable carbon?