The Economic Times reports that India has been awarded the contract to build the world’s largest refrigerator to house the fusion reactor for the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER) currently under construction in Cadarache, France.

ITER is the most expensive scientific experiment in human history. It is a research and engineering project that will attempt to replicate the nuclear processes of the Sun to generate energy through fusion, a clean nuclear process which generates very little radioactivity.   Read more about ITER from earlier posts at Earth’s Energy here. The ITER site is here.

India is part of a seven nation consortium that is building the fusion reactor which is designed to produce 500 MW of electricity output with a power input of 50 MW.  The construction of the reactor is expected to be completed by the end of the this decade.  The other nations in the project are the US, Japan, China, the European Union, South Korea and Russia.

Indian engineers will fabricate the world’s largest  high vacuum cold storage vessel called the cryostat which will house the reactor. “The cryostat is very crucial to the ITER experiment. It houses the fusion reactor in its entirety, including support to all internal systems,” Shishir Deshpande, Project Director, ITER-India, said.


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