The U.S. Energy Information Agency (EIA) described Turkey as an increasingly important transit hub for crude oil and natural gas supplies in its latest report. Turkey’s Bosporus and Dardanelles straits are among the busiest straits in the world, with more than 2 million barrels of crude oil flowing through them each day. The construction of the Trans-Anatolian Natural Gas Pipeline (TANAP) is also under way, which will carry 16 billion cubic meters of natural gas  from Central Asia through Georgia to Turkey. About a third of the transferred gas will be used for Turkey’s domestic consumption while the rest is destined for transfer to Greece, Albania, Italy and further into Europe. The pipeline is expected to be operational by 2018. The TANAP project is currently ahead of schedule and is expected to be operational by 2018.

Residents of the Canadian province of British Columbia can save up to C$11,000 dollars if they choose to trade in an old car for an electric vehicle. The new EV must be less than $77,000. The incentives are part of a $40 million program by the province to expand public and residential EV charging infrastructure as well as create jobs in the low emission auto industry. Electric vehicles currently account for 2% of car sales in the province which has a long-term goal of reaching 5% of annual vehicle sales.

autocar UK is testing a hydrogen vehicle and will be running regular updates on how it performs. The link takes you to the first review of the Hyundai ix35 Fuel Cell it is testing.

Energy company Royal Dutch Shell plans to add electric vehicle charging posts at its gasoline stations in Europe. The first EV chargers will be installed in its stations in Britain and the Netherlands. “Hydrogen, electric vehicles and biofuels will all have their place,” John Abbott, director of downstream business for Shell, told The Financial Times. “There’s not going to be one solution.”

A commercial farm in Kenya has become Africa’s first electricity producer powered by biogas. Surplus electricity is sold to the nation’s national electric grid via Kenya Power & Lighting Company. The Gorge Farm Energy Park in Naivasha produces 2 megawatts of electricity – more than enough to cultivate its 706 hectares (1 740 acres) of vegetables and flowers, and with sufficient surplus to meet the power needs of 5 000 – 6 000 rural homes. The new plant also heats the farm’s greenhouses and produces fertiliser as a by-product.  The plant produces biogas through anaerobic digestion, a process in which crop residue from the farm is digested by micro-organisms. The biogas produced is burned in two engines, producing both electricity and heat in a process called cogeneration.

Engineering For Change looks at technologies that turn waste into energy.  The article examines four types that are in operation now: wastewater treatment, anaerobic digestion, incineration and microbial fuel cells.

Biogas produced from ice cream by-products is making its way to UK’s national grid. Located in Leeming Bar, North Yorkshire, manufacturing waste (which consists of sugar, fat and protein left behind after production line cleansing) from the R&R Ice Cream factory is converted into biomethane at a nearby anaerobic digestion facility. It turns out chocolate ice cream provides 10% more energy than vanilla, and 20% more energy than strawberry. Another by-product of this process is a nutrient rich fertiliser that can be distributed to farms to improve crop production.

Waste water from tofu production in Kalisari, Indonesia is being transformed into biogas for residential heating and cooking. An enormous amount of water is required to make tofu – roughly 33 litres (8 gallons) for every kilogram (2.2 pounds) of spongy bean curd. Researchers discovered this waste water could be turned into biogas if a certain type of bacteria is added to it. Once transformed, the biogas is delivered to local homes. Previously, this waste water was pumped daily from factories around the village into nearby rivers, befouling waterways and contaminating rice fields downstream.

German consultancy group Dr. Jakob Energy Research has discovered that Athens is the best place to set up a factory in Europe. In its study of 40 cities in Europe, the Greek capital ranks first for conditions ideal for the integration of renewable energy, notably solar, in manufacturing activities. See Industry Under The Sun

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