With crude oil around $33 a barrel, gasoline in the US is now retailing for 26 cents a gallon in 1965 prices.

A report from Navigant Research projects the number of hydrogen fuel cell vehicles in the global market will reach 228,000 by 2024. Sales of fuel cell vehicles are expected to increase as a hydrogen fuel infrastructure is established in prominent national markets.  Japan may be the most promising market as fuel cells will be incorporated into passenger cars as well as power trams, buses, and trains. Yet, unless there is a substantial investment in ubiquitous hydrogen infrastructure in a country, fuel cell vehicles will see limited penetration. In addition the cost of these vehicles will have to come down to create a mass market for them.

Here is a primer on electric car charging.

Auto manufacturers will be required to meet new fuel efficiency targets over the next decade – 54.5 miles per gallon in the US  as well as Europe’s 95 grams of carbon dioxide emission per kilometer. According to a new analysis by Lux Research, micro-hybrids (rather than all-electric vehicles or hydrogen fuel cells) will provide the most economical route to meeting the 2025 targets. In a micro-hybrid, the car can automatically stop its engine when it would otherwise be idling, using an improved or an additional battery (or another type of energy storage) to quickly restart it when it’s time to move. Some vehicles may even capture braking energy and do propulsion assist. Nearly half of the improvements required to meet these mandated targets will come from improved batteries, while lighter structural materials will contribute 39% and improved fuels will add 13%.

Canada’s National Energy Board granted a 40-year export license to LNG Canada to ship up to 38-billion cubic metres of liquefied natural gas (LNG) annually from a terminal to be located near Kitimat in the province of British Columbia. LNG Canada is a joint venture that includes Shell Canada Energy, PetroChina, Korea Gas Corp. and Mitsubishi Corp. This project is one of 20 LNG proposals currently seeking approval from the British Columbia and Canadian governments.

energy.gov gives an infographic explaining how carbon capture works.

NASA’s Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope has produced a new map of the Universe that reveals hundreds of gamma ray sources, including 12 that produce gamma rays with energies exceeding a trillion times the energy of visible light. The map of the entire sky found energies ranging from 50 billion electron volts (GeV) to 2 trillion electron volts (TeV). For comparison, the energy of visible light ranges from about 2 to 3 electron volts. The discovery of these objects will enable astrophysicists and particle physicists to probe their structures as well as better understand the mechanisms that accelerate subatomic particles that ultimately produce gamma-ray emission.

Wind energy association NWEA reported The Netherlands now has 2200 wind turbines with the capacity to produce enough electricity to power 2.4 million households. By 2023, 16% of the energy used in the Netherlands is due to come from renewable sources. However, the current figure is only about 5%.

According to the European Wind Energy Association, the average cost of electricity produced by wind globally is $83 per megawatt-hour. This is the levelized cost of electrical delivery. The averages for coal and natural gas are $84 and $98, respectively. In comparison, solar photovoltaic (solar PV) energy averages $122 globally.



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